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Lech Lecha

Posted on October 15th, 2018

Genesis 12:1−17:27 


By Rabbi Jonathan Kligler for Reconstructing Judaism


Go to Yourself: Abraham and the Spiritual Journey


And YHVH said to Abram, “Lekh Lekha (go forth, but literally go to yourself) from your land and from your birthplace and from your father’s house, to the land that I will show you.” (Genesis 12:1)

 

וַיֹּ֤אמֶר יְהוָה֙ אֶל־אַבְרָ֔ם לֶךְ־לְךָ֛ מֵאַרְצְךָ֥ וּמִמּֽוֹלַדְתְּךָ֖ וּמִבֵּ֣ית אָבִ֑יךָ אֶל־הָאָ֖רֶץ אֲשֶׁ֥ר אַרְאֶֽךָּ׃

 

For me, the Torah reveals its deepest lessons when I read it as a spiritual guidebook rather than a physical, historical tale. Whatever historical lessons we learn from studying Torah are secondary in importance; the lives of its protagonists are meant to inform our lives here in the present, not some distant past. The word “Torah” does not translate as “history” or even “law,” but “teaching” or “guidance.”

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Noach

Posted on October 8th, 2018

Genesis 6:9−11:32 


By Mel Scult for Reconstructing Judaism


Kaplan on Creation: An Explanation of Jewish Mission


The account in Genesis is perplexing to the modern person. We inevitably get bogged down with the first chapter of the Bible because it seems to conflict with our knowledge that comes from the scientific study of the natural world. Mordecai Kaplan being the modern man par-excellence accepted the scientific view of the universe but realized, of course, that the Torah has a different perspective in telling us about the origin of things. In this selection he focuses on the connection between the creation of the world and God's attention to Israel. Though Kaplan did not believe in the concept of the chosen people, he did see a special task and destiny for the Jewish people.

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Bereshit

Posted on October 1st, 2018

Genesis. 1:1−6:8


Stephen Rayburn for Kehillat Israel


In the beginning, from total and absolute nothing, the Creator brought forth a substance so thin it had no corporeality, but that substanceless substance could take on form. This was the only physical creation. Now this creation was a very small point and from this all things that ever were or will be formed.... If you will merit and understand the secret of the first word, b’reshit, you will know why the Jerusalem translation is “With wisdom God created the heavens and the earth.” But our knowledge of it is less than a drop in the vast ocean. —Moses ben Nachman Gerondi: Nachmanides, Commentary on Genesis


The very first word of the Bible has been mistranslated ever since its first translation into Latin by Jerome in the late fourth century CE and into English, sometime around 1380, by John Wyclif. What’s the problem with these translations?

The problem is that the first word, b’reshit, has been translated as “In the beginning.” If the meaning were, in fact, “In the beginning,” the word would have been vocalized slightly differently, with a qamatz underneath the bet, making the word bareshit. What we have, however, is b’reshit—there’s a sh’va underneath the bet; the sh’va used this way usually indicates an indefinite article while the qamatz shows a definite article.1 So grammatically the word could mean “In a beginning.”

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Shabbat Chol Hamoed Sukkot

Posted on September 24th, 2018

Exodus 33:12-34:26; Maftir Numbers 29:17-22 


Stephen Rayburn for Kehillat Israel


In Hebrew, when we use the term “chag,” we mean “festival.” But when the second-temple period Israelites said “chag” or “ha-chag,” “the festival,” they were referring to only one festival—Sukkot. Even hundreds of years earlier, when the stories that make up the Bible were being composed, Sukkot was called chag; you can look it up (see Lev. 23:39, 41; 1 Ki. 8:2, 12:32). In the tenth century BCE, Solomon chose Sukkot as the occasion to consecrate the Temple and according to Deuteronomy, the public reading of the Torah was to take place every seven years on Sukkot (Dt. 31:10–13).

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Haazinu

Posted on September 17th, 2018

Deuteronomy 32:1–52 


By Rabbi Mira Wasserman, Ph.D.for Reconstructing Judaism


When Will We Ever Learn?


It has been almost five years since my father called to tell me he was eating a tuna sandwich for lunch.

Normally, such an event is unremarkable, certainly not worthy of a special call. But there was something special about that sandwich, and the circumstances under which it was eaten.

Two days before, floodwaters from Superstorm Sandy had inundated my father’s home in Long Beach, N.Y. He had no power, no car and little food; no roads were passable. In these circumstances, the provision of a tuna sandwich was worthy of note.

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